V rámci 40. výročí Whitman-Walkera, oficiálně 13. ledna 2018, sdílíme 40 příběhů, které pomohou vyprávět příběh Whitman-Walkera v komunitě.
We wanted to start by telling you how we landed on our name. Last week you met Walt Whitman, now please meet Dr. Mary Edwards Walker!
The “Walker” in Whitman-Walker Health is inspired by, and pays tribute to, Dr. Mary Edwards Walker, the second woman to graduate from medical school in
the United States, and the only woman to have ever received the Medal of Honor. Dr.Walker was also known for her unique style as she often wore trousers,
top hats and a “man’s” coat, something the 19th and 20th century publics couldn’t always make sense of. Dr. Walker was arrested for her clothing on
many occasions, and found pride in the arrests.
Born into an abolitionist family, during the U.S. civil war Dr. Walker traveled to Washington, DC to enlist in the Union Army. She was initially denied
an officer’s position because she was a woman. Instead, she volunteered her time as an assistant surgeon in Union Army hospitals and often provided
care on the front lines.
Dr. Walker’s commitment to care and community in the face of gender and sex discrimination align with our work at Whitman-Walker. Rooted in saving lives
and fighting stigma, Whitman-Walker learned to care for people with compassion and dignity when resources were scarce, and fear and bias were plentiful.
Dr. Walker’s dedication to never be defined by set expectations of her gender set her ahead of her time.
A vocal advocate for women’s rights, Walker is noted saying “The recognition of the individuality of woman, is simply an acknowledgement of human rights,
which all human beings have guaranteed them, by the fact of their having an existence; as surely is this, as is the right to exist at all.”
Toto je výňatek ze stránek 110-111 její knihy "Hit: Eseje o právech žen". Můžete získat přístup k bezplatné online knize zde!
Fakta o Dr. Mary Edwards Walker a její čestná medaile:
- After serving in the Civil War, she was the first woman awarded the Medal of Honor. It was later taken back in 1917 when the criteria for receiving
the medal was updated to only include persons “in actual combat with an enemy.”
- Dr.Walker odmítla vrátit její medaili a místo toho ji nosila každý den až do své smrti v 1919u. Její odmítnutí vrátit medaili bylo federálním zločinem.
In 1977, President Jimmy Carter reinstated her medal stating her “distinguished gallantry, self-sacrifice, patriotism, dedication and unflinching loyalty
to her country, despite the apparent discrimination because of her sex.”
Čtyři citáty od Dr. Mary Edwards Walker:
Na základě úvah:
"Žena telegrafuje a jeho [mužská] divadelní úvaha nedokáže udržet krok s ní."
Na dosažení štěstí:
"Musíte se vyrovnat s realitou, že za naše štěstí není nic mimo nás, ať už lidé nebo věci."
O historii a svobodě:
"Dejte vědět generacím, že ženy v uniformě také zaručily jejich svobodu."
“Struggle for political rights, for it is through such, and such alone, that you will ever obtain human rights. It is not simply for yourself,
but for that great army of young women, who cannot yet see the necessity for anything but smiles and gallantry from the future husbands.”
Další výňatek od ní book "Hit: Eseje o právech žen" (strany 1212-122).
In 1982, the U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp commemorating “Dr. Mary Walker, Army Surgeon,” the only woman to have been awarded the Medal of
Honor and only the second woman to graduate from a medical school in the United States. Ironically, the stamp portrays her wearing a frilly
dress and curls.
Více čtení na Dr. Mary Edwards Walker
Seznamte se s Dr. Mary Walkerovou: Jedinou příjemnou ženou Medal of Honor (americká armáda, březen 2017)
Mary Walkerova snaha být jmenován jako odborový doktor v občanské válce (Atlantik, únor 2013)